General Practitioners' Perceived Readiness to Identify and Respond to Intimate Partner Abuse

Stream: Intimate Partner Violence and Health Responses
Date: Thursday, 12 February 2015
Time: 1.45 pm – 3.30 pm

Abstract

The study of general practitioners’ (GPs) readiness to inquire and respond to intimate partner abuse (IPA) is an emerging field of research which may help identify core competencies and the best practice in effectively responding to IPA in primary care settings. Individual semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of GPs practicing in primary care settings in Victoria were undertaken. GPs’ readiness to deal with IPA issues was generally understood as a multidimensional concept including attitudinal readiness, personal beliefs and views, emotional readiness, self-efficacy, IPA knowledge, and communication skills. Views on humanity, emotional awareness and self-preservation strategies form key motivational and affective components of GPs’ readiness to deal with IPA. Gender-related differences in GPs’ perceived readiness for IPA were not evident in the study, but rather the type of interaction between the patient and the doctor in clinical encounters was deemed to be significant. The findings have clinical implications for GPs’ attitudinal and emotional factors to deal with IPA, therapeutic relationship with patients, and appropriate management strategies which serve to facilitate disclosure and inquiry of IPA in clinical settings. These findings also informed the development of a quantitative scale for assessing GPs’ perceived readiness to identify and respond to IPA issues.

Authors

Traci Po-yan Leung (Presenter), General Practice and Primary Health Care Academic Centre, & Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences of The University of Melbourne
Traci Leung Po-Yan is a PhD candidate at the Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences of the University of Melbourne, and she has received her clinical training as a psychologist. Her research area is intimate partner violence, and its identification and management by general practitioners in primary care settings. She received her Master of Public Health at the Department of General Practice of the University of Melbourne.

Christina Bryant (Presenter), Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences of the University of Melbourne
Senior Lecturer, Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences of the University of Melbourne

Lisa Phillips (Presenter), Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences of the University of Melbourne
Associate Professor, Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences of the University of Melbourne

Kelsey Hegarty (Presenter), General Practice and Primary Health Care Academic Centre, The University of Melbourne
Professor, General Practice and Primary Health Care Academic Centre
Director of Researching Abuse and Violence in Primary Care program
Director of Post graduate Primary Care Nursing
Editor-in-Chief, Asia Pacific Family Medicine